1、 Safety management of surface equipment for oil production
1. Be able to have a good overview of the overall situation, recognize the current situation, clarify their own responsibilities and obligations, and enhance the desire to do a good job in equipment safety work.
It can be said that equipment is the foundation and cornerstone of an enterprise. At any time and under any circumstances, no matter how the constitution is reformed or how the personnel flow, the link of equipment management cannot be weakened. The equipment management of oil production units should be the top priority. Starting from the overall situation and the vital interests of the staff, we should do a good job in equipment safety management, be responsible for the enterprise and the safety of the staff working in the enterprise, change the thinking of all staff, let the thought guide the action, and prove the theory with action, Use advanced equipment safety management regulations to restrict the behavior of employees, use people-oriented concept to influence employees, advance and retreat together with employees, and then do meticulous work in combination with market environment and real-time situation of enterprises.
Prevention is the most important thing. At the beginning of formulating rules and regulations, oil production units should always adhere to the principle of "safety first, prevention first". According to the investigation, in most of the accidents that have occurred, nine out of ten accidents are controllable and preventable, but the final occurrence is due to the neglect of the managers, the negligence of the employees, and the negligence of the employees, One accident after another is enough to ring the alarm bell and cause the attention of the managers. Therefore, the staff of oil production units should formulate detailed equipment management measures and seriously implement them, so that the strict equipment management system can be fully reflected in the equipment production site.
2. Equipment safety management task as the primary content of equipment management, to ensure the intrinsic safety of equipment.
The safety management personnel of the oil production unit should regularly check the oil production equipment, timely find and report the faults and hidden dangers, and supervise the staff to carry out the rectification. Each station should also conduct a comprehensive statistical analysis on the hidden trouble of equipment every month. According to the ABC classification standard, the person and unit responsible for the rectification of hidden trouble should be defined to ensure the essential safety of the production environment of the oil production unit.
For the preventive measures of key production devices, the oil production unit should pay special attention to the requirements that the instruments and meters are not damaged and their accuracy fully meets the national standards, the important equipment such as jib and other equipment should be inspected regularly and regularly, and the special person should be responsible for the inspection, and the hidden danger of safety should be rectified in time. At the same time, we should also establish perfect punishment and praise measures in the factory, comprehensively evaluate the working attitude and efficiency of the staff in the factory, regularly select excellent tasks, set an example for the whole factory, increase the working motivation of the staff in the factory, improve their subjective initiative, consolidate and improve the rectification effect, and hand them over to special personnel to learn from other factories, Explore and establish a complete set of closed-loop circulation mechanism for timely detection, report and treatment of potential accidents, track and inspect the equipment, and take timely countermeasures and measures for newly found defects. Take the production standard and the technical condition of the equipment as the only assessment standard, make good use of relevant technology, take reasonable measures for maintenance, use funds efficiently, and do not cause other waste.
3. Strengthen the management of equipment use and seriously implement the standardization of equipment operation
In terms of equipment management and safety management, it is necessary to strengthen the connection and close cooperation between them. In terms of intrinsic safety, it is also necessary to grasp the equipment management in combination with the real-time situation of safety production and safety work. In the aspect of equipment management, the oil production unit should stick to its teeth and constantly strengthen the degree of strictness. Only by being strict, can the staff not relax and slack. It should be strict in terms of requirements, inspection, discipline and assessment. The word "strictness" runs through the whole production process. The equipment operators are required to be familiar with the operation methods and precautions of the equipment. Not only that, but also they are required to work with certificates. All oil production equipment should formulate corresponding emergency plans, master the basic working principle of the equipment, and be able to take correct measures for corresponding problems.
It also requires the oil production units to carry out regular on-site supervision and inspection of the equipment in combination with the production situation, increase the inspection density, and increase the investigation and treatment efforts, so as to realize the comprehensive inspection of the equipment by the oil production units once a quarter. In addition to the inspection written in the regulations, it is also suggested that the director of the oil production unit or the person in charge of the safety department may conduct random inspection from time to time. Under the circumstances of open and secret investigation, the atmosphere of the oil production unit will be greatly changed, which will help the oil production unit to realize intrinsic safety.
2、 Utilization of oil production equipment and ground equipment
At present, most of the oil production technologies used in the market are tertiary oil recovery surface technology. The equipment used in this technology include polymer dispersion and dissolution device, irrigation system, feeding system, injection system, etc. specifically, 55 sets of systems are required. It is difficult to make good use of them. Therefore, major oil production units seize this opportunity to strengthen the utilization of tertiary oil recovery technology.
After the oil production project is started, the skid mounted injection distribution station should be constructed in different stations. After water injection and pressurization, the single well target fluid is formed, and then the target fluid is injected into the elevated platform. The total injection volume is 3240 m?, The concentration of active agent is 0.2%, and the concentration of polymer injection target solution is 1200mg / L. in the design process, it is necessary to ensure that the overall process parameters are within a reasonable value, combine with the actual work experience, strictly select the equipment model, and after many times of verification and design, the overall process flow of injection station and injection station will be affirmed.
The implementation of the surface technology of tertiary oil recovery improves the efficiency of the factory, and the technical indexes meet the process requirements, which lays the foundation for the popularization and utilization of technical equipment.
The cornerstone of enterprise production is equipment. Therefore, the essential safety of equipment is the most important. Whether the equipment is fully and effectively used is a subject that needs careful study. Therefore, no matter how the constitution changes and how the personnel flow, the safety management of equipment should always be in the heart of enterprise managers, In the process of improvement and innovation, we should promote and apply more sophisticated technology in a large area, shorten the construction period, reduce the investment cost, and echo with the oil production process, which is a broader development prospect for oil enterprises.